Alcohol is a huge, contributing factor to road deaths in Victoria. Each year, 17% of drivers killed in road crashes have a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of .05 or above.
There are a number of factors that can influence someone’s blood alcohol levels, including:
- The amount and type of alcohol consumed
- The rate of drinking and the time since the last drink
- The amount of alcohol that remains in the stomach
- Other foods or liquids in the stomach
- The amount of alcohol already metabolised by the liver
- The general health and competence of the liver
- The person’s metabolic rate
- Physical factors, including gender, body size and lean tissue-to-body fat ratio
- The volume of water in the tissues of the body. This can be affected by medication, illness, and the menstrual cycle.